|International regulations and health|
Evidence of pesticide impacts can help governments to improve national pesticide regulation and help shape international instruments and policies for pesticide control. Systematic evidence of negative impacts should affect pesticide registration decisions. In many countries, governments do not have the resources to conduct comprehensive monitoring, particularly in rural areas where incidents happen. The lack of accurate data makes it impossible to assess and manage the real risks of pesticides.
Relevant parts of international regulations are:
International Code of Conduct on the Distribution and Use of Pesticides
5.1.3 carry out health surveillance programmes of those who are occupationally exposed to pesticides and investigate, as well as document, poisoning cases:
5.1.6 utilize all possible means for collecting reliable data and maintaining statistics on health aspects of pesticides and pesticide poisoning incidents
5.1.9 utilize all possible means for collecting reliable data, maintaining statistics on contamination and reporting specific incidents related to pesticides
Rotterdam Convention on Prior Informed Consent (PIC)
Article 6: Any Party that is experiencing problems caused by a severely hazardous pesticide formulation under conditions of use in its territory, may propose to the Secretariat the listing of the SHPF in Annex III. The proposal shall contain a clear description of incidents related to the problem, including the adverse effects and the way in which the formulation was used.
Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPS)
Article 11: the parties shall...encourage and/or undertake appropriate research, development, monitoring and cooperation pertaining to POPs, including on their:...effects on human health and the environment; socio-economic and cultural impacts;