Pesticide Residue Problems in Developing Countriesólack of data
Codex Committee on Pesticide Residues (CCPR) is part of the Joint FAO/WHO Food
Standards Programme. It establishes Maximum Residue Levels (MRLs) for
pesticides in foods and feeds in order to facilitate international trade and
protect the health of consumers. A recent meeting of the Codex committee
identified pesticides used on commodities exported from developing countries
that have no MRLs at present.
the last session of the CCPR in Havana in 1993 the Working Group on Pesticide
Residues Problems in Developing Countries (PRDC) agreed to collect information
in a questionnaire to establish a list of the most important pesticides
registered and used in developing countries. Information was also collected to
identify priorities on crops exported from developing countries which require
MRLs, taking into consideration climatic conditions of producing countries, good
agricultural practices, toxicological evaluations and intake studies. The survey
will help promote food safety and economy in several regions of the world.
Pesticides which have not been evaluated for toxicology are: abate, alachlor,
ametryn, atrazine, benfluraline, gamma BHC, bisfen, brodifacoum, bromacil,
bromadiolone, bupirimate, butachlor, butocarboxime, chlorfluazuron,
chlorophacinone, chloropropham, copper oxychloride, coumachlor, coumatetralyl,
cyhalothrin, dalapon, dazomet, dicamba, dichlorobutrazol, dichloropropene,
dicrotophos, dimethametryn, dioxocarb, diuron, esfenvalerate, etofenphox,
fenarimol, fenobucarb, fenpropathrin, fenthoate, ferbam, fluazifop-p-butyl,
flufenoxuron, fluometuron, fluvalinate, folithion, iodophenphos, ioxynil,
iprobenfos, kasugamycin, linuron, maneb, methyl thiofanate, metoxuron,
methoxychlor, metsulfuron methyl, metolachlor, molinate, oxadiazon, pencycuron,
pendimethalin, penta-chlorophenol, phenamiphos, phosethyl-al, picloram,
piperophos, pirimiphos-ethyl, pretilachlor, probenasol, prometryn, propanil,
propetamphos, propineb, prothiofos, quinalphos, simazine, sumithion, terbutryn,
tetrachlorvinphos, tetradifon, temefos, thiobencarb, triclopyr, tricylazole,
warfarin, zinc phosphide.
Paper presented to the 26th Session of the Codex Committee on Pesticide Residues, part of the Joint FAO/WHO Food Standards Programme, that met in The Hague in April 1994. The complete paper is available from Codex, reference CX/PR 94/15.
[This article first appeared in Pesticides News No. 24, June 1994, page 10]