|Quarterly / March 2011
2 articles are free this issue!
Honey bees - an indicator species in decline
The role of neonicotinoid insecticides in the global demise of bee populations remains controversial. Heather Pilatic of PAN North America summarises and tracks the emergence of neonicotinoids in the United States where weakened regulations have fast-tracked them into the marketplace.
Could knotweed's reign of terror be over?
Introduced into Europe almost 200 years ago, Japanese knotweed has been naturalised since the 1880s. It is highly invasive and difficult to eradicate and is dreaded by horticulturalists and homeowners alike. Djami Deddour and Richard Shaw of CABI now report a promising new biocontrol agent. Could this spell the end for Japanese knotweed?
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Promoting IPM in Illinois childcare centres
Increasingly government and NGO recommendations and legislation are promoting adoption of IPM in schools and childcare facilities to prevent children's exposure to pesticides. However childcare providers often lack the information and confidence needed to implement these changes, despite the fact that young children are at their most vulnerable. A study was carried out to evaluate a successful IPM training programme in the Illinois childcare sector in the United States. Debby Mir, Yoram Finkelstein and Gayle Tulipano report on its successes.
Bee toxic pesticides are causing a buzz
A group of controversial pesticides are causing a buzz in the UK. In the last month they have made front page news and have been debated by MPs in the Houses of Parliament. They are the neonicotinoids, a group of chemicals that have become controversial due to the increasing evidence demonstrating their impacts on bees. Vicky Kindemba of Buglife reports.
Plus: UN says bee decline is global trend
The London Mayor's new campaign for a bee-friendly capital
The Mayor of London, Boris Johnson, has turned his attention to protecting the beleaguered honey bee. His new Capital Bee campaign seeks to promote community-run beekeeping and to make London a 'bee-friendly' city. Pamela Brunton reports.
Continued poisonings and protest force change in Latin America
Over recent months, PAN Latin America Regional Centre has collated reports of numerous poisoning incidents in South America, Central America and the Caribbean. Increasing protests by citizens' groups, along with concerns from health and environmental officials, is finally leading to changes in government attitudes, with a series of harmful active ingredients to be banned. Stephanie Williamson reports.
Pesticide use and climate change - are they decoupled?
Many commentators speculate that the increasing temperatures and rising CO2 levels associated with climate change will increase pest and disease pressures on crops forcing farmers to use mroe pesticides. Lars Neumeister questions this assumption pointing out that there are many factors influencing pesticide use. Drawing on data from Scandinavia he suggests that regulation and policy instruments can have a greater influence on pesticide use than climate change.
Still no EU agreement to reduce dependency on biocides
EU biocide legislation is currently being revised. However, a coalition of environmental and health NGOs coordinated by PAN Germany has branded the proposed revisions as 'weak and inadequate to protect people or the environment from potentially toxic biocides'. Ministers to introduce requirements to promote non-chemical alternatives to biocides and to substitute toxic biocides with non- or less toxic products. Christian Schweer reports.
Plus: Beekeepers expose weaknesses in EU pesticide assessments
Ecological agriculture can double food production says UN
Imidacloprid - factsheet
Imidacloprid is a systemic insecticide of the neonicotinoid family. It is widely used across the world and has a relatively low human toxicity. However, there is increasing concern over evidence suggesting impacts on bee populations and target pest resistance.
ENDURE network for diversifying crop protection
Book review: Systemic pesticides: a disaster in the making (Henk Tennekes 2010)