2 articles are free this issue!
Pesticide poisoning in Nicaragua – five decades of evidence
The evidence of the last 50 years demonstrates convincingly the negative impact of pesticide use in Nicaragua where high rates of acute pesticide poisoning have been documented. Recent changes in the institutional approach in the health, environment and agriculture sectors have led to significant improvements. However, these are not enough. Structural changes are needed to reduce reliance on chemical pesticides and to enhance measures to protect workers’ health and the environment. Marianela Corriols reports.
Food spray training in Benin – a recipe for success
Effective pest management tools are vital to allow cotton farmers to convert to organic production. Sprays made from food products have recently been developed which, when sprayed on the growing cotton plant, attract beneficial insects reducing pest damage and improving yields. Farmers in Benin are being trained to incorporate these food sprays into their pest management regime. Eliza Anyangwe reports.
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Increased IPM knowledge among Beninese farmers
Since the 1980s Farmer Field Schools in Asia have been helping to improve farmers knowledge of pest management techniques and reducing their reliance on pesticides. This model is now being adapted to Africa. Trine Lund, May-Guri Sæthre, Ingrid Nyborg, Ousmane Coulibaly and Md. Hafizur Rahman report on a project to train Beninese vegetable producers in integrated production methods.
Plus: Endosulfan bans spread.
Global survey of pesticide use reveals widespread harm
PAN International recently launched ‘Communities in Peril: Global Report on health impacts of pesticide use in agriculture’. This report documents the results and recommendations of a survey by PAN organisations in 13 countries investigating the use of pesticides in rural communities around the world. It shows that highly hazardous pesticides are commonly being used in unsafe conditions. The report calls for more assertive action by policy-makers and corporations to address pesticide hazards and support agroecological methods of farming. Bella Whittle summarises the key findings and recommendations of the report.
Plus: EU concerned over Egypt’s lax pesticide controls.
Growing organic crops for export – an ethical approach in Africa?
PAN UK and African partners have been promoting organic cotton as a way to provide safer and more sustainable livelihoods in the West African savannah lands for over 15 years. However, with current concerns about food security, should we be promoting cotton, or other cash crops, grown for export to Europe? PAN UK interviews field agent Mr Emmanuel Dossoumou from the Beninese Organisation for Promotion for Organic Agriculture (OBEPAB) on his views.
Pesticide residues still a food risk in the EU
The European Food Safety Authority recently published a report on EU-wide pesticide residue testing during 2008. The report suggests that 3.5% of fruit and vegetables still contain residues above legal limits. Hans Muilerman of PAN Europe examines the results.
Pesticides banned in Europe
Each year PAN UK receives numerous requests from journalists, researchers, NGOs and developing country food companies for information on which pesticides the EU has banned for health or environmental reasons. This information is not easy for the uninitiated or busy enquirer to access from EU official websites. Here PAN UK provide an up-to-date list of those pesticides which are banned or restricted within the EU along with the reasons for regulatory action.
This factsheet was updated in December 2010
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