Growing Coffee Without Endosulfan

PAN UK has demonstrated that it is possible to phase out the highly hazardous pesticide, endosulfan, when growing coffee. This has been proven on both large estates and small family farms across climate zones, coffee production systems and farmer educational levels.

The project was a collaboration between PAN UK, 4C Association, the FAO, The Sustainable Coffee Program and the ISEAL Alliance and collected information on the IPM methods used on 21 certified farms in Colombia, Nicaragua and El Salvador.

The Problems With Endosulfan

Endosulfan is a highly toxic, antiquated insecticide, and one of the last organochlorine pesticides still in use. It’s so toxic that before it was recently banned across most of West Africa, it killed thousands of cotton farmers every year by accidental poisoning alone.

Epidemiological studies link chronic exposure to endosulfan to autism, delayed puberty, and birth defects of the male reproductive system in humans, while it is also highly toxic to fish, birds, fowl, bees and wildlife. Additionally, it’s also a persistent organic pollutant – it sticks around in the environment long after it’s been applied, it accumulates in organisms and across food chains, and it travels the globe and contaminates ecosystems far from where it’s used.

The listing of endosulfan by the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) in 2011, following a successful campaign by PAN UK, triggered its inclusion on the prohibited lists of a number of supply chain standards schemes. The elimination of endosulfan will bring numerous health and environmental benefits, but some producers in the developing world may find it difficult to adapt to its removal – particularly in the coffee sector.

Resources and Guidance Documents

PAN UK has compiled ‘real world’ information on experiences of Latin American coffee farmers who have successfully eliminated endosulfan, in smallholder associations and on coffee estates.

Guidance documents

Other background documents

Find Out More About Growing Coffee Without Endosulfan

Watch our videos below featuring farmer experiences in Latin America in the growing of coffee without the use of endosulfan. These cover integrated pest management methods on good cultural practices, biological control, trapping, monitoring, and decision-making.

For alternative versions in Spanish, Portuguese and French please find our YouTube channel here.

Read our briefing on weed management when growing coffee to reduce or eliminate herbicide use.

Cultural Controls

Biological Controls


Farmer Perspectives


Phasing Out HHPs is Possible

Growing Coffee Without Endosulfan

Short Case Studies

Growing Coffee Without Endosulfan - Short Case Studies

Detailed Case Studies

Growing Coffee Without Endosulfan - Detailed Case Studies
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